How does it rank in Europe and Italy?
DOP wines (DOC and DOCG)
IGP Wines (IGT)
Generic wines (varietal and non-varietal)
What does DOP wine mean?
The “protected designation of origin” is the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional and duly justified cases, a country that serves to designate a product that complies with the following requirements:
the quality and characteristics of the product are essentially or exclusively due to a particular geographical environment and its natural and human factors; the grapes from which the product is obtained come exclusively from this geographical area; production takes place in the said geographical area and the product is obtained from vine varieties belonging to the Vitis vinifera species;
What does IGP wine mean?
The “protected geographical indication” is an indication referring to a region, a specific place or, in exceptional and duly justified cases, to a country, which serves to designate a product that complies with the following requirements:
possesses quality, notoriety or other peculiarities attributable to this geographical origin; at least 85% of the grapes from which it is obtained come exclusively from this geographical area; the production takes place in the said geographical area and is obtained from vine varieties belonging to the Vitis vinifera species or from a cross between the Vitis vinifera species and other species of the genus Vitis.
What do DOP and IGP products represent?
DOP and IGP products represent the excellence of European agri-food production and are each the result of a unique combination of human and environmental factors characteristic of a given territory.
For this reason, the European Union lays down precise rules for their protection, providing for the establishment of specific regulatory quality regimes, to protect the good faith of consumers and with the aim of providing producers with concrete tools to identify and promote better products having specific characteristics, as well as protecting them from unfair practices.
What is the role of protection consortia?
The Designations of Origin and Geographical Indications of the wines represent a collective heritage, fruit of the tradition and culture of our country, of the richness and vocation of its multiple territories.
The enhancement and protection of this heritage is an objective of certain centrality to allow the Italian Wine System to acquire a winning and solid position on the international and community level, given the global appreciation it enjoys.
Tasks such as these, of fundamental importance for the sector, must be given to the person most suitable for achieving them. The players in the supply chain – winegrowers, winemakers, bottlers – no matter how large they may be, are not able, individually considered, to effectively represent and satisfy the interests of the sector.
The ideal subject for this task are the inter-professional Organizations, which contain within them the representatives of all the production phases; identifiable in Italy with the Consorzi di tutela, as also recognized by the national legislation of the sector.
What does erga omnes mean?
The most representative Consortia (at least 40% of the wine growers and 66% of the certified production) have the possibility of obtaining the recognition and authorization to operate “erga-omnes”, that is to say towards all users of the denomination of competence, even not members of the Consortium.
This important assignment allows the Consortia to become more and more the undisputed protagonists of the wine sector and in this capacity they will have the possibility to protect, enhance and protect the collective wine heritage entrusted to them, enjoying for their functions also the financial contribution of all, non-members included